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Making contacts on HamSphere (QSO)

Knowledge Database

Working DSB audio from Microphone

Begin by locating a clear frequency.
Assuming your callsign is: ABC123.
Now call "CQ CQ CQ. This is Alfa Bravo Charlie One Two Three calling CQ CQ CQ.
Alfa Bravo Charlie one two three, ABC123 calling CQ and waiting for any call."
Or
"CQ calling CQ calling CQ this is ABC123 ABC123 over / standing by / listening "

Now you listen for the return call.

You hear "Alfa Bravo Charlie One Two Three this is Delta Echo Foxtrot four five six, DEF456 calling."
You respond by saying "DEF456 (using phonetics is best) this is ABC123.

Thanks for the call your signal is 59.
My name is Adam and my QTH is Ontario.
So how do you copy? DEF456 this is ABC123 over."

You have made your first contact on HamSphere.
At this point you can make the contact as long or short as you like depending on the band conditions.
And what you find to discuss with your new friend.

Please tell your callsign every 10-20 minutes during a QSO.

Ending QSOs

You are required to at least give your own callsign when ending a QSO.
You can also end a HamSphere QSO by giving both call signs and signing off. For example: "... thanks Luis for the contact and 73 to you and your family. DEF456 this is ABC123 signing off and clear."

What do you do if more than one station responds to your call?
If you hear one call clearly then simply respond to that station as discussed above.
If you hear only parts of call signs, maybe "Alpha November" then in step 4 begin by saying
"the station with Alpha November, make your call." Once you have heard the complete call sign you can proceed as in step 4.

If you want to call a station. Make sure he/she isn't busy and make the call:
"call sign of the station you want to contact, then your call sign"

Callsigns

Amateur radio Call signs consist of a prefix and a suffix. The prefix is usually composed of one or two letters and a number such as VE4 in Canada for the region / province meaning Manitoba.
The number in the call sign generally refers to an area or a region of the country.
But some countries have prefixes that are composed of a number and a letter such as 4X for Israel or 9K for Kuwait.

Signal reports

In SSB (DSB on HamSphere), if you clearly heard the message give 59. If the signal is very weak and if you have to request the repetition or to guess words give 43 or so. Give 31 if you did not understand, and in this case you would not confirm by saying QSL. Avoid to systematically give 59 or 599, when you do not understand and have asked your contact to repeat information ten times, like his callsign !

Instead of giving a 59++ report your signal is booming, do not hesitate to give him the real signal strength report with dB (e.g. 59+20 dB), especially if the station is DXing.

Working DX stations (DX = Distant stations)
The HamSphere simulates DX stations. Sometimes a station can be very deep down into the noise level. Use the filters the enhance the audio. It takes a little practice.

Working CW

CW means Contineous Wave and operators use the Morse code (dots / dashes) to key CW.

Calling CQ in CW is simply just calling like:
CQ CQ QC de CALLSIGN CALLSIGN CALLSING K

Some CW Jargon:
FB - Fine business
GL - Good Luck
TNX - Thanks
ABT - About
BK - Break (Usually used to let the other station come in with a comment)
AGN - Again
CQ - Calling any station
CU - See You
GB - Good bye, God Bless
GE - Good Evening
GA - Go ahead; Good Afternoon
GD - Good
HI - The telegraph laugh; High
73 - Best Regards
XYL - Wife
TU - Thank you (Usually used to end a QSO such as TU EE)
HR - Here; Hear
PSE - Please
R - Received as transmitted (Also keyed EN to confirm an over)
SRI - Sorry
RX - Receive, Receiver
TX - Transmitter; Transmit
UR - Your; You're
W - Watts
FER - For
GUD - Good
VY - Very

Readability

1 -- Unreadable
2 -- Barely readable, occasional words distinguishable
3 -- Readable with considerable difficulty
4 -- Readable with practically no difficulty
5 -- Perfectly readable

Q5 is a perfectly readable signal.

Signal Strength

1--Faint signals, barely perceptible.
2--Very weak signals.
3--Weak signals.
4--Fair signals.
5--Fairly good signals.
6--Good signals.
7--Moderately strong signals.
8--Strong signals.
9--Extremely strong signals.


RST Reports

Characteristics of a signal, its readability, strength and optional its tone quality, if you work in Morse code are transmitted using the RST code. The signal strength is usually based on the receiver S-meter reading, where readability and tone are subjective values.

Each step of the signal strength double of intensity, beginning at 0.2 mV to end at 50 mV. Over 9 on the S-meter, the strength is given in dB, e.g. 59+10.

In CW, the tone can be followed with a letter : X stands for crystal clear tone, C stands for chirp tone and K stands for clicks. The number 9 is often replaced with the letter "N" (for nine) and 0 by T. So "599" gives "5NN".

LOG BOOKS

It is customary to keep a log book of your QSOs. Times should be written in UTC (Universal Coordinated Time) also know as GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) or ZULU time. The log entries should reflect UTC, Station, QRG, Power etc.

HamSphere has a built in log-book that can be accessed directly from the Transceiver. It will assist you in logging stations.

 
Article details
Article ID: 12
Category: Making QSO's
Date added: 2012-02-07 13:06:51
Views: 1250

 
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